Hysteroscopy is one of the commonest procedures performed in gynaecology. It involves the passage of a small telescope(hysteroscope) through the neck of the womb(cervix) of examine the womb(uterine) cavity. It is used to investigate heavy periods or abnormal bleeding patterns, looking for causes such as fibroids or polyps and also to rule out uterine or endometrial cancer in women reporting postmenopausal bleeding (PMB). It is usually combined with a biopsy of the uterine lining (endometrium). Mostly carried out as a day procedure surgery, it can be carried out in an appropriate outpatient clinic. The procedure only takes a couple of minutes. When done for heavy or frequent,painful periods, women are often offered a combined treatment options to treat these at the same time, such as insertion of a Mirena Coil or an Endometrial Ablation.

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